GEOSPATIAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM: A BASELINE AND MONITORING STUDY

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Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
Proceedings
Keywords:
GIS, GPS, Healthcare, Remote Sensing, Web
Authors:
Baghmar, Dr. N. K.; Dey, Tisha; Multaniya, Amit P.
Abstract:
Mapping of the health infrastructure to the micro level is the ultimate requirement for successful monitoring of the healthcare system and distribution of amenities. The present paper mainly focuses on the application of Remote Sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), in health such as visual analysis of health management information, health service mapping and geographic analysis of health services and its coverage. The main emphasis has been given to generation of Geospatial Health Management Information System (GHMIS) it will be easier for the governance of health sector and infrastructure in the rural areas. At each level, data would be viewed geospatially which would help to make rational decisions and hence better healthcare. The study area has been chosen as Bemetara District of Chhattisgarh, which is one of the important agriculture district of the state. The main objective of the study are to create buffer around the health centres mainly the CHCs, PHCs & SHCs to denote the catchment area; allow for overlay analysis of different pieces of information; calculate distance between two points; permit interactive quarries of information contained with the map, tables, graphs in web-GIS. The present study is mainly based on both primary and secondary data. Secondary data has been collected from Health & Family Welfare Department, Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Census of India, 2011, hardcopy village map from Land Record Office. Primary data mainly consists of GPS point information of each and every health centre spread over the District. It has been found that creation of GHIMS design the function of healthcare service and administrative service to monitor health status and service needs according to National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) norms. It can help in set priorities for the allocation of healthcare resource. The user can access the data of any level by logging into the central service without having the hassle of visiting every website. It can be act as a single window service station. It will give entire system a speed, sense of competitiveness and finally sustainability through increase in revenue generation in the physical sector and improve healthcare system in case of social sector. The range of expectation about the performance of health information system will depend on the role of the people involved. “People” comprises of three categories Doers, Users & Viewers.
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